In his essay Foundational Investigations of the Phenomenological Origin of the Spatiality of Nature, Edmund Husserl explores the conception of motion in relation to bodies. While an exhaustive summary and examination could be undertaken on the essay as a whole, I would like to begin with examining an excerpt that characterizes the essay’s foundational theme that establishes the origin of the spatiality of nature. After all, as Husserl stressed, it is the implicit formations of such parts that give rise to the unity in which we perceive the whole.
“We must not forget the pregiveness and constitution belonging to the apodictic Ego or to me, to us, as the source of all actual and possible sense of being, of all possible broadening which can be further constructed in the already constituted world developing historically.”
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Ethics as First Philosophy by Levinas
"This is the question of the meaning of being: not the ontology of the understanding of that extraordinary verb, but the ethics of its justice. The question ‘par excellence’ or the question of philosophy. Not ‘Why being rather than nothing?’, but how being justifies itself." (86)
This quote summarizes Levinas’ break from first philosophy as an ontological question of being to an ethical inquiry occupying justification of being. In ‘Ethics as first philosophy’, Emanuel Levinas establishes an entirely new framework, going beyond Heidegger’s notion of Being and borrowing from Sartre’s’ conception of Others. Levinas parts with the phenomenological legacy of Heidegger in Section I by ruling out intentionality as the requisite for knowledge and examining the non-intentionality that passively subsists beneath our cogito.
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